MooDFOOD at IUNS 2017 in Buenos Aires, Argentina

MooDFOOD colleague Laura Winkens recently presented at the IUNS symposium, the 21st International Congress of Nutrition. The theme of the meeting was “from sciences to nutritional security.” Following the meeting, Dr Winkens was interviewed by a Brazilian journalist. The text of the interview is below and is accompanied by an English translation. Read More

Eating with attention identified as one of the keys to combating depression

Luciana Mastrorosa
Collaboration for UOL in Buenos Aires
10/17/2017 10:00 AM

There is lots of talk recently about mindfulness. “Mindfulness” is a meditative practice to help people deal with everyday situations. The concept is also used in food and “eating with conscience” and can reduces symptoms of depression, according to research released on Monday, 16, at the 21st International Congress of Nutrition (IUNS 2017), which takes place in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The so-called “mindful eating” would help you watch what you eat. According to the author of the study, Laura Winkens, from the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, who is part of the MooDFOOD consortium, instead of eating automatically identifying hunger and focusing on the act of eating with intention could be an important ally in combating depression.

In a conversation with UOL, the researcher explained that she used the “Mindful Eating Behaviour” scale, a specific questionnaire which investigates behaviours related to eating with mindfulness.

This instrument is composed of four domains:

“focused eating,”,referring to perceiving the aromas and flavours of food during a meal;
“suggestions of hunger and satiety,” which refers to trusting and listening to the signals the body sends when it is hungry or not;
“eating with awareness,” which involves avoiding eating automatically but instead paying attention to what is ingested;
“eating without distractions,” which refers to eating meals sitting at the table rather than doing numerous tasks at the same time, such as watching TV or using a cell phone
Three of these domains showed an association with a decrease in the symptoms of depression: eating concentration, eating consciously and eating without distraction Because of these results, the researcher is now dedicated to understanding the mechanisms that generate this association, which may also possibly be related to the amount of food consumed This is because those who “eat with focus” or “eat without distraction” eat less calories. And that is where the explanation for the change in depressive symptoms may be. “We still do not know if mindful eating leads to better food choices, or to eating less, and therefore with losing weight, and this all ends up reflecting on depression.” She says. “There are a number of factors that can influence the process. ” Depression, is now one of the most prevalent and crippling diseases in the world.

A project to investigate nutrition and depression

Laura is part of the MooDFOOD Project, a collaborative project between several countries, dedicated to investigating the prevention of depression through nutritional strategies. The group also presented an investigation that pointed out that following a healthy diet throughout life, rich in fruits, vegetables, vegetables, fish, reduces the risk of depression in the elderly

Mindful eating in a few steps

Be aware of how you eat, pay attention to the food on the plate
Detect the thoughts you have in relation to food
Experience the foods fully, connecting with the sensations, emotions and thoughts that they provoke
Attend to the signs of hunger and satiety that the body sends out
Accept yourself, your body and the way you relate to food
Observe the situations and emotions that drive the decision to eat or not to eat

Fonte: Livro “Mindful Eating – El Sabor de la Atención”, Dos Autores Javier García Campayo, Héctor Morillo, Alba López-Montoyo and Marcelo Demarzo (Editorial Siglantana, 2017)